Abbottabad is the principal city of Abbottabad District in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. It is located 150 km north of Islamabad and 205 km from Peshawar, at an altitude of 4120 feet (1250 m) above sea level. The city is located in the Orash Valley, and is known for its pleasant weather, educational institutes of high standards and military establishments. It remains a hub for tourism in the summer.Abbottabad was a city of British India and the headquarters of Hazara Division (then a district). It was named after Major James Abbott. Major Abbott settled this district in 1853 after the annexation of the Punjab and he became its first Deputy Commissioner. Abbottabad was an important military cantonment and sanatorium, being the headquarters of a brigade in the second division of the northern army corps The garrison consisted of four battalions of native infantry (Gurkhas) and four native mountain batteries. In 1901 the population of the town and cantonment was 7764. In 1902 income averaged around Rs. 14,900 and the expenditure around Rs. 14,000. In 1903 the income averaged Rs. 22,300, chiefly derived from octroi, while expenditure was around Rs. 18,100. The receipts and expenditure of cantonment funds during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 7,300. The chief public institutions were the Albert Victor unaided Anglo-Vernacular High School, a municipal Anglo-Vernacular High School and a Government dispensary.. Before leaving, Major Abbott wrote a poem titled “Abbottabad”.
In June 1948, the British Red Cross opened a hospital in Abbottabad to deal with 80-100 patients daily who were being “brought in from the Kashmir fighting areas”.
On the 8 October 2005 Abbottabad was devastated by the Kashmir earthquake. Although most of Abbottabad survived many old buildings were destroyed or damaged.
In 1998, the population of Abbottabad District was 881,000 with mostly Jadoons, Abbasis, Sardars spread all over the district and have strong political influence. The other cast is Karal, syed,Awan. According to the 1998 census, over 94.26% of the population speak Hindko as their first language, Punjabi- 2.30%, Pashto- 2.22% and Urdu- 1.05%.Although the first language of many is Hindko, Urdu, which is the national language of Pakistan, is understood and spoken by everyone and is commonly used. English, on the other hand, is widely used in business and education.
With its good weather and beautiful landscape, Abbottabad attracts people from all over Pakistan, some for tourism but many by its educational institutions. Abbottabad (sometimes called “The City of Schools”) is home to a number of schools, colleges and training institutes. These educational institutions help to promote a high standard of education in the entire country.
Military Training Institutes
Military Training Institutes like the PMA Kakul, (Pakistan Military Academy) the Regimental Training centres of the Pakistan Army are also located in Abbottabad.
Medical And Engineering Institutes
Abbottabad has four Medical Colleges and two Engineering universities. In Medical colleges there are Ayub Medical College, Women Medical College, Frontier Medical College and Abbottabad International Medical College. And the Engineering universities are Comsats Institute Of Information Technology Abbottabad and a campus of UET Peshawar(University of Engineering and Technology).
Schools and Colleges
The Government Postgraduate College offers higher education of Bachelors and Masters level in Literature, Natural Sciences and Exact Sciences. The college attracts students from all over the NWFP. A few Technical Institutions like Government Polytechnical Institute offer courses for skill-based technical & industrial education e.g Diploma in Associate Engineering. Quite a few Computer Institutes are also functioning in and around Abbottabad. These institutes are generally affiliated with Board of Technical Education, Peshawar. Other than that, many private and government school and colleges are located in Abbottabad city which are renowned for their high standard of education. Among these are Abbottabad Public School, IQRA Academy, Abbottabad Jamia Public School, Al-Imtiaz Academy, Army Burn Hall College, Pine Hills Public School and College and Pakistan International Public School and College. Federal Govt Boys/Girls Public High School, Pine View Road & a branch of the famous Beacon House School System.
Abbottabad’s main public transport consist of modified Suzukis, which can accommodate anywhere from 8 to 13 people at one time. Taxis are also available as well as wagons which connect Abbottabad to the surrounding cities and towns in the region. Abbottabad is also served by Daewoo Express, a national bus service which connects over 50 cities in Pakistan.
According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India, “the town is picturesquely situated at the southern corner of the Rash (Orash) plain, 4,120 feet (1,260 m) above the sea”. Like much of the mountainous Northern Areas of Pakistan, tourism is one of the important sources of economic activity in Abbottabad, in summer when temperatures in the plains of Pakistan rise to well above 45 degrees Celsius, large number of tourists travel north to Abbottabad to shelter from the blistering heat. The Karakoram Highway, which traces one of the paths of the ancient Silk Road, starts from Havelian 15 km south of the Abbottabad town, and passes through the city. The Karakorum Highway is an attraction for the adventure tourists. Abbottabad is the last big town, the first mild-weather tourist city in Northern Pakistan for the tourists coming from the plains in the south. specially kaghan colony abbottabad very beautiful place. From: (MR jameel UR Rahman Sharepoint Consultant)
Places of Tourism
The Karakoram, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush ranges can be approached from Abbottabad as continues to be a transit city for tourists, serving as a base for visits to numerous nearby places, such as Hunza, Gilgit, Skardu and Indus Kohistan, of the Karakoram Range. Knowledge Inn Public School (Pind Kargu Khan)
” Amanullah Khan Jadoon – Former Minister of Petroleum
” Iqbal Khan Jadoon – Former Chief Minister N.W.F.P
” Sardar Hadar Zaman Khan – Current District Nazam
” Anaitullah Khan Jadoon – Current Member Provincial Assembly
” Dr.Syed Mehboob – Famous writer, columnist and researcher
” Sardar Mahtab Ahmad Khan- Former Chief Minister of NWFP, current Railways Minister.
” Sultan Sakoon – famous Urdu poet