Jacobabad is the capital city of Jacobabad District, Sindh, Pakistan. The city is also the administrative centre of Jacobabad Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district, the city is subdivided into 8 Union Councils. Jacobabad is located at 28°16’37.32?N, 68°27’05.04?E. The city is crossed by the Pakistan Railways and many main roads of the province. Jacobabad is said to be one of the hottest cities in Pakistan.
During British rule, as part of British India, the town was the administrative headquarters of the Upper Sind frontier district of the Bombay Presidency; with a station on the Quetta branch of the North-Western Railway, 37 m. from the junction at Ruk, on the main line. It was famous for consistently having the highest temperature in the Sub-Continent. During the month of June the thermometer ranges between 120° and 127°F. The town was founded on the site of the village of Khangarh in 1847 by General John Jacob, for many years commandant of the Sind Horse, who died here in 1858. It has cantonments for a cavalry regiment, with accommodation for caravans from Central Asia. It is watered by two canals. An annual horse show is held in January. The town was founded near the village of Khangarh in 1847 by Brigadier General John Jacob, for many years Commandant of the Sindh Horse. Jacob who died and was buried there in 1858, and left a marvellous Victoria Tower in his remembrance in the heart of the city.
The commercial airport at Jacobabad, about 300 miles north of Karachi and 300 miles southeast of Kandahar, is located on the border between Sindh and Balochistan provinces. The Shahbaz Air Base is co-located with the commercial airport in Jacobabad. The Shahbaz Air Base was one of three Pakistani air bases used by U.S. and allied forces to support the Operation Enduring Freedom campaign in Afghanistan. Pakistan agreed to an American request for a long-term, logistics and support base presence at the Shahbaz Air Base in Jacobabad following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The US forces, mainly from the United States Air Force, were stationed there from Dec 2001 to Nov 2004.
An annual horse and cattle show is held in January. Jacobadad is highly multicultural, with ethnic and tribal groups including Pechuho, Banglani Sunderani, Unar, Abro, Soomro, Khoso, Bhayo,Mangrio, Surhio Jakhrani, Marri, Gabol, Jarwar and Brohi. The area is predominantly Muslim with Hindu and Christian minorities. People are highly educated and participate in their role in the mainstream political development of the Jacobabad, Sindh, Pakistan.
Jacobabad has produced many poets, writers, teachers and social workers. Abdul Karim Gadai was a famous poet and many other famous poets have come from the Jacobabad district.
Education in Jacobabad
There are many educational institutions in Jacobabad. One of them is S.M.A.M High School. This high school is the oldest educational institute in Jacobabad, and is over 100 years old. Several famous teachers served in this historical institute.